Understanding the Word “Rabb”

The Understanding of the Word “Rabb” in the Qur’aan and Sunnah
Tawheed ar Rububiyyah
By Shaikh Saaleh bin Fawzaan bin Abdillaah al-Fawzaan
Tanslated by Abu Naasir ‘Abid bin Basheer

The root of the `ar-rabb’ is `rabbaa-yarubbu’ which means to bring up something from stage to stage, up to the state of completion. It is said: “He brought him up,” and “They raised him up.”

So the word `rabb’ is used figuratively for the doer and `ar-rabb’ (the Lord) is used in the absolute sense only for Allaah, the One Who is responsible for setting right the affairs of the creation, as occurs in His saying: “…The Lord of the aalameen.” al-Faatihah 1:2

“Your Lord and the Lord of your ancient fathers!” ash- Shu’araa 26:26

“Ar- Rabb” is not used for anyone besides Him, except when it is attached in a specific sense, as is said: “rabbud-daar” (master of the house) and `Rabbul-faras’ (owner of the horse), such as His, the Most High’s, saying while narrating about Yusuf (alaihis salaam): “Mention me to your lord (i.e. your king).” But Shaytaan made him forget to mention it to his Lord. Yusuf 12:42

And the saying of the Most High: “As for one of you, he (as a servant) will pour out wine for his lord (king or master) to drink.” Yusuf 12:41

He (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said regarding the lost camel: “until its `rabb’ (owner) finds it.” (Reported by Bukhaari and Muslim)

So from this it becomes clear that `ar-rabb’ is applicable to Allaah in the definite form e.g. Ar-rabb (the Lord) or Rabbul-`Aalameen (Lord of the ‘Aalameen) or Rabbun-Naas (Lord of the People).

While the word `rabb’ is applied to others only when it’s annexed, such as rabbud-daar (lord of the house) and rabbul ibl (lord of the camel).


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  1. #1 by Admin on November 3, 2012 - 6:48 PM

    Rabb: Allaah is Ar-Rabb . He is the One Who gave all things the power to grow, to move and to change, to Whom belongs the creation and commandment ; the Master Who has no equal in His Sovereignty, Predominance, and Highness, The One Who Provides for and Sustains all that exits.

    Excerpt taken from Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen’s (rahimahullaah) introduction to “Tafseer Aayatul Kursi.

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