The Etiquettes of Reciting the Qur’aan

By Dr. Aboo `Aasim Abdil Azeez bin Abdil Fattaah al-Qaari’

Teacher at the Islaamic University of Madeenah

Etiquettes of Reciting the Qur’aan

{1} Seeking the refuge of Allaah {al-Isti`aadhah} is obligatory during recitation of the Qur’aan. The proof is the saying of Allaah, the Most High: So when you want to recite the Qur’an, seek refuge with Allah from Shaytaan, the cursed one.

Al-Qur’an, 16.98 {An-Nahl, The Bee}

The wording for this {Isti`aadhah} is: I seek the refuge of Allaah from Shaytaan, the accursed. It is also permissible to say: I seek the refuge of Allaah, the all-Hearing, the all-Seeing from Shaytaan the accursed.

{2} It is befitting to read Bismillaah when reciting the beginning of each Soorah, especially in the recitation of al-Faatihah during the prayer since its recital in this case is obligatory.

The wording: Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem: In the name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Just as is found in the Qur’aan, Bismillaah is actually a verse from the Qur’aan unlike the Isti`aadhah.

{3} It is obligatory to maintain silence during the recitation of the Qur’aan for the one present at that moment. It is not permissible to engage oneself in any other affair during the recitation of the Qur’aan due to the saying of Allaah, the Most High: When the Qur’an is read, listen to it with attention, and hold your peace: that you may receive Mercy.

Al-Qur’an, 7.204 {Al-`Araaf ,The Height}

{4} It is befitting for the qaari’ {reciter} as well as the mustami` {listener} to maintain khushoo` {solemnity and calmness}, adab {proper etiquette}, and Intibaah {focus and concentration} with their entire body and mind.

{5} It is obligatory to beautify one’s voice whilst reciting the Qur’aan. If the person is not naturally gifted with a beautiful voice, he should try and beautify it according to his capability. This is taken from the saying of the Prophet {sallallahu alaihi wasallam}: He is not from us, the one who does not beautify his recitation of the Qur’an.

{6} It is befitting for the reciter to avoid resembling the singers and sinners in the manner he seeks to beautify his voice. He should refrain from resembling the Jews and Christians. Rather, he should adorn his voice without any exaggeration or going overboard.

{7} It is also befitting that the reciter strives in reflecting upon the verses of the Qur’an during its recitation due to the saying of Allah, the Most High: Do they not consider the Quraan with care?

Al-Qur’an, 4.82 {An-Nisaa’ , the Women}

Continue here…

Source: at-Tajweed al-Muyassir

Jaami`ah Islamiyyah Print, Page 11

Issued by The Language Institute for Level 3 Students

*There are several beneficial articles concerning manners of the student, sciences of the Quraan, makhaarijul huroof, Tafseer, Tajweed and more here.

Special note from Shaykh Al ‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah: Verily the du’aa for ending the Qur’aan in prayer without doubt is unlawful. Because even though it has been narrated from Anas bin Malik (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) that he used to bring his family together when the Qur’aan was completed and then made du’aa, this is outside of the prayer.
Sharh al Mumti’ – Explanation of Zaad al Mustaqni’:

More on ad’iyyah for ending the Quraan to follow In Shaa Allaah.

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