Special Merit of Reciting the Qur’aan in the Nights of Ramadhaan


Shaykh Abdullaah bin Saalih Al-Fawzaan

Ahaadeeth As-Siyaam: Ahkaam wa Aadaab pg.63-65

Abu Umaamah (radhiyallaahu `anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) said: Recite the Quraan for indeed it will come on the Day of Judgement as an intercessor for its Ashaab (those who read, memorize and implement it).[1]

This hadeeth indicates the virtues of reciting the Quraan, the greatness of its reward and that it will intercede for its holders on the Day of Judgement towards their entrance into Paradise.

An-Nawaasbin Samaaan (radhiyallaahu `anhu) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) say: The Quraan will be brought on the Day of Judgement as well as the people who used to act upon it. Sooratul-Baqarah and Aali Imraan will then approach them. The Messenger of Allaah likened them to three examples, which I have not forgotten afterwards. He (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) said: As if they were two clouds or two dark black canopies with light between them both or like two flocks of birds stretching their wings in the air pleading for the one who recited them.[2]

Abdullaahbin Amr (radhiyallaahu `anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) said: The fast and the Quraan will intercede for the servant on the Day of Judgement. The fast will say: My Lord, I restricted him from food and drink, so allow me to intercede for him. And the Quraan will say: I prevented him from sleeping at night, so allow me to intercede for him So they will be allowed to intercede.[3]

Therefore, it is essential for the person fasting to recite the Quraan much during these blessed days and honorable nights. For indeed, there is a special virtue for the abundance of recitation in these days, which is not found in any other month. He should take advantage of the nobleness of time during this month in which Allaah revealed the Quraan.

There is a special merit to reciting the Quraan in the nights of Ramadhaan for indeed, the night brings an end to the busy daily affairs. The enthusiasm is roused and the heart and the tongue mount upon reflecting. Allaah is the one in whom we seek assistance.

It is reported that Jibreel (alaihis salaam) used to meet with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) during each night of Ramadhaan and they would study the Quraan together. [4]So if making dhikr (remembrance of Allaah) were better than the Quraan or equal to it (on these nights), they would have done that all the time or at certain times along with constantly gathering for that occasion.

Thus, this hadeeth illustrates the precedence of studying the Quraan during Ramadhaan and gathering together for that occasion as well as turning towards one who is more prominent in the memorization of it.

The predecessors of this Ummah would recite the Quraan constantly during Ramadhaan. When they would fast, they would sit in the masaajid and say: We will guard our fast and not backbite anyone.

They would recite the Quraan in their prayer and out of it. Uthmaan (radhiyallaahu `anhu) would complete the recitation of the (whole) Quraan once a day. Some of the Salaf would complete it during their qiyaam in Ramadhaan every three nights. Some of them would do it every seven days and some every ten days.

Ash-Shaafiee (rahimahullaah) would complete the Quraan sixty times during Ramadhaan, while reciting it outside of prayer. Al-Aswad (rahimahullaah) would recite the whole Quraan every two nights of Ramadhaan. Qataadah (rahimahullaah) would always complete the Quraan every seven days. He would do it every three days in Ramadhaan, and during the last ten days, he would do it every night. Their reports concerning this are famous.

Al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab (rahimahullaah) said:The forbiddance of reciting the Quraan in less than three days (as stated in a hadeeth) has only been mentioned in regards to its being done on a normal basis. As for the specific times that are virtuous, such as the month of Ramadhaan and especially the nights in which the night of Al-Qadr is sought. Or those places that are virtuous, such as Makkah for the one who enters it without residing there, then it is recommended to recite the Quraan a lot in these Times and places, seeking the merits connected with their time and place. This is the opinion of Ahmad, Abu Ishaaq and other scholars. And the actions of others indicate that as has been stated previously.[5]

The person reciting the Quraan must observe the proper etiquettes of recitation. Some of them are that: He make his intention sincerely for Allaah, that he recite it whilst being in a state of purity, that he use the Siwaak and that he recite it while pondering on its meaning and observing total consciousness. Allaah says: A Book, which We have revealed to you in order that its verses may be pondered upon, so that the people of understanding may be reminded.

Also, from the etiquettes of the recitation is that one does not stop his reciting in order to speak to someone else. Indeed,when many people sit to recite the Quraan, and there are people sitting next to them, a majority of the time, they stop their recitation and speak to their neighbors. This is not proper since it is turning away from the recitation without a valid reason. And it is on the one who recites, to act upon the Quraan, making permissible its Halaal and forbidding its Haraam, so that the Quraan can be a proof for him on the Day of Judgement and intercede for him in entering the gardens of bliss.

Footnotes:

[1] Saheeh Muslim
[2] Reported by Muslim (804)

[3] Saheeh Muslim (804)

[4] Al-Bukhaaree (1/30) and Muslim (2308)
[5] Lataaif-ul-Maaarif: pg. 102-103

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