Shaykh ‘Abdullaah al Ghudayaan: Learning the Quraan is in 8 Ways

Naseehah to the Book of Allaah subhaanahu wa taaala.

The advice to the Book of Allaah subhaanahu wa taaala is that you believe in it, that you believe what has come in it, and that it is the Word of Allaah brought down to us, revealed to us and it is not created.

And that he learns the Book of Allaah and that he understands the Book of Allaah, he acts upon the Book of Allaah, and he calls to the Book of Allaah. And the way in doing this (i.e. having naseehah and learning the Book of Allaah) is in 8 ways:

  • That you bring together and you seclude the aayaat that are upon one single subject in each surah (or whatever you are learning). For instance in Suratul Baqaarah there are 40 duroos (lessons) i.e. 40 different duroos in that one surah. So you take from that surah one dars (lesson) and you learn it. And then you learn the meaning of each of the words in the aayaat.
  • And then you look at why the aayaat were revealed i.e. the reason why the aayaat were revealed.
  • You look into the legislation that is revealed in the aayah and whether the aayah has been abrogated or not.
  • Then you look into the meaning of the complete sentence, and this is known by the various signs found in the verses of the Quraan. There are things called wuqoof where you have to stop and these have signs in them. And some of the signs that are put in the books are:
    • the (letter ) meem over the sentence and this means it is waajib for you to stop at that ayah. And this is one sentence.
    • Or you will find a “la” laam alif لا and this means it is muharram, you do not stop at that ayah. You keep going.
    • And then you have saad laam. And this is for the makrooh i.e. it is better to keep going, but it is permissible to stop, so since it is makrooh, it will be better to keep going.
    • And then you have mandoob and that’s qaaf laam i.e. that you are able to do whatever you want but it is better to stop.
    • And than you have in some aayaat three dots in a triangle form, and this is, you’ll find it, there’s going to be two words, each word is going to have these three dots over it and you are able to stop at either one of those but not both. So you stop at one of those.
    • And then you have t.aa ط or jeem ج and this means you can keep going if you would like.
  • You find out what the general meaning of the ayah is.
  • You find if there is a different meaning in it or if it can mean more than one thing or if the meaning is hidden to the people.
  • You find out the rules of the whole ayah.

So number one again is that you bring together between the aayaat of the surah (or whatever it is you’re learning), you bring together eachdarsin them. So in Suratul Baqaarah there are 40 duroos but you bring together only one of the duroos that are in there and you start to memorize and learn it.

And then you learn the wording. You start to learn the wording of each one (ayah).

And then you learn the reason that they have been revealed.

And then you learn what has been abrogated from what hasn’t been abrogated.

And then you learn, this is all within one dars, and then you learn the meaning of all the sentences, and the sentences again are known by the signs of wuqoof (the signs where you have to stop). And some signs are waajib, makrooh, muharram, mandoob, and you have the option to stop or not in others. And the Shaykh rahimahullaah gave the signs previously.

And six is that you learn the general meaning of the ayah.

And seven is that you learn if there is any hidden meaning in the ayah or a meaning that is not apparent to the people i.e. the mushkil, where there might be some controversy in it.

And then you learn the rulings of the complete ayah, the rulings that are in it.

And then you begin with the memorization of these aayaat. And you repeat it to yourself no less than50 times. Some of the books concerning the duroos that you can go back to areIbn Katheerand the likes of him because they have brought the duroos together in their books.

And you will find in some of the masaahif that have been printed (in such places as Turkey and other than it) they print on the side of the mushaf ayn ع. They have the letter ayn. This means this is the beginning of one dars and the end of another dars.

And not all of the books I picked up ……….

Then you havean-naasikh wal-mansookhand if you want to learn an-naasikh wal-mansookh then there’s a book calledan-Naasikh wal-Mansookh.

And then you have books concerning the meaning of the whole ayah or the general meaning of the ayah. And this is a book such asTafseer as-Sadee, rahimahullaah. You could go back to his tafseer.

You can also go back to the general meanings or the general rulings of each ayah inIbn Sadeesbook (of Tafseer) rahimahullah; if you want to expand your horizon in that area you can go back toIbn Katheerandal-Qurtubi rahimahumallaah. And in ahkaam al-Quraan, there is a book calledAhkaamul QuraanbyIbn al-Arabi. And this is the way you can learn the Quraan and these are certain books that he (rahimahullaah) mentioned in those particular sciences of the Quraan.

Excerpt Source:Study Islaam Org.

Shaykh ‘Abdullaah al-Ghudayaan (rahimahullaah)


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