“This day, I have perfected your religion for you…” was revealed on the Day of `Arafah



الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلى الله وسلم على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن اهتدى بهديه إلى يوم الدين أما بعد
السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

 

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you…”

was revealed on the Day of `Arafah, the ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah


الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِى وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الأِسْلاَمَ دِيناً

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islaam as your religion.”


meaning, accept Islaam for yourselves, for it is the religion that Allaah likes and which He chose for you, and it is that with which He sent the best of the honorable Messengers (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and the Most Glorious of His Books.


Ibn Jareer recorded that Haroon bin `Antarah said that his father said, “When the aayah, لْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you…”

was revealed, during the great day of Hajj (the Day of `Arafah, the ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah) `Umar cried. The Prophet said, `What makes you cry’ He said, `What made me cry is that our religion is being perfected for us. Now it is perfect, nothing is perfect, but it is bound to deteriorate.’ The Prophet said, «صَدَقْت»

“You have said the truth.”


What supports the meaning of this hadeeth is the authentic hadeeth, «إِنَّ الْإِسْلَامَ بَدَأَ غَرِيبًا، وَسَيَعُودُ غَرِيبًا، فَطُوبَى لِلْغُرَبَاء»


“Islaam was strange in its beginning and will return strange once more. Therefore, Tooba for the strangers.”


Imaam Ahmad recorded that Tariq bin Shihab said, “A Jewish man said to `Umar bin Al Khattab, `O Leader of the Believers! There is a verse in your Book, which is read by all of you (Muslimoon), and had it been revealed to us, we would have taken that day (on which it was revealed) as a day of celebration.’ `Umar bin Al-Khattab asked, `Which is that verse’ The Jew replied, الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِى

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you…” `Umar replied, `By Allah! I know when and where this verse was revealed to Allah’s Messenger, it was the evening on the Day of `Arafah on a Friday.’ Al-Bukhari recorded this Hadeeth through Al-Hasan bin As-Sabbah from Ja`far bin `Awn.

Muslim, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i also recorded it.


{Source: Tafseer Ibn Katheer Soorah al Maa-idah 5:3}



Narrated Tariq bin Shibab radhiyallaahu ‘anhu): Some Jews said, “Had this Verse been revealed to us, we would have taken that day as ‘Eed (festival).” ‘Umar radhiyallaahu ‘anhu said, “What Verse?” They said: “This day I have Perfected your religion for you, Completed My Favor upon you And have chosen for you Islaam as your religion” 5.3 ‘Umar said, “I know the place where it was revealed; it was revealed while Allaah’s Messenger sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was staying at ‘Arafat.”


{Source: Saheeh al Bukhaari, The Book of Military Expeditions – No. 4088}

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  1. #1 by A Weighty Word on November 17, 2010 - 12:49 PM

    It was reported that the mount was called `Arafat because, as `Abdur-Razzaq reported that `Alee bin Abee Taalib said, “Allaah sent Jibreel ‘alaihis salaam to Prophet Ibraahim and he performed Hajj for him (to teach him its rituals). When Ibrahim reached `Arafat he said, `I have `Araftu (I know this place).’ He had come to that area before. Thereafter, it was called `Arafat.”

    Ibn Al-Mubarak said that `Ata’ said, “It was called `Arafat because Jibril used to teach Ibrahim the rituals of Hajj. Ibrahim would say, `I have `Araftu, I have `Araftu.’ It was thereafter called `Arafat.” Similar statements were attributed to Ibn `Abbass, Ibn `Umar and Abu Mijlaz radhiyallaahu ‘anhum. Allaah knows best.

    `Arafat is also called Al-Mash`ar Al-Haram, Al-Mash`ar Al-Aqsa and Ilal, while the mount that is in the middle of `Arafat is called Jabal Ar-Rahmah (Mount of Mercy).

    Tafseer Ibn Katheer

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